Agriculture technology is the use of technologies that improve productivity, efficiency, and profitability. It also includes products, services, and applications derived from agriculture. It can be used to increase yield, decrease input costs, and reduce the amount of time that is needed for the process of farming.
Sensors detect apple size and levels of pigments
The use of a remote sensing system can provide a quick and cost-effective analysis of an apple. A variety of machine vision systems have been developed using color, spectral and thermal imaging technologies. Various researchers have also employed geometric features in various ways. This article presents an overview of a couple of studies that examined the use of remote sensing to measure an apple’s size and levels of pigments.
One study used an RGB-D camera to measure the size of a red apple. Another investigated the use of a LiDAR sensor system to generate 3D points on an apple tree. Using these data sets, a fruit detection algorithm was developed.
Sensors detect soil moisture and chemical composition on crops
Soil moisture sensors are important for agricultural operations. They provide accurate data for farmers so that they can manage the soil more effectively. Also, these devices can be used to study soil types and their topographical changes. This allows growers to make more accurate decisions about their irrigation needs.
Currently, the majority of soil moisture sensors in use are based on frequency domain reflectometry (FDR). This technology can also be used to measure the dielectric constant of the soil. The dielectric constant of water is larger than that of other components of the soil, which can help give a predictable assessment of the amount of water in the soil.
Tillage is an agricultural technology used to control crop growth and suppress unwanted plant growth. It can also be used to modify the physical properties of soils.
The process of tillage involves loosening the soil to create a desirable tilth. During tillage, air is introduced into the soil to promote increased biological activity. Mineral fertilisers are added to the loosened soil. This reduces the amount of CO2 produced in the soil and improves the ability of the soil to retain water.
Traditionally, tillage is a process of preparation for planting. However, advances in farming machinery have allowed for minimal tillage.
Seedbed preparation procedures
Seedbed preparation is an important part of growing a healthy crop. Preparation methods vary from crop to crop. Some methods reduce the surface temperature of the soil while others promote germination of the seeds.
The optimum seedbed conditions include warmth, water, air, and good seed to soil contact. These factors enable a germinating seed to take advantage of the nutrients and moisture in the soil.
A firm and uniform seedbed is also needed. This can be achieved by ploughing the soil to a consistent working depth.
Many farmers still use the plow-based method of seedbed preparation. But chisel plows and disking are also used to prepare the seedbed.
Irrigation has been a key part of agriculture since thousands of years. It is used to grow crops and maintain landscapes. In addition, irrigation is used to cool livestock and dispose of sewage.
The use of irrigation is dependent on the crop type and location. During dry seasons, irrigation offers security to farmers, enabling them to produce yields during times when water availability is limited.
Irrigation systems are divided into two categories: sprinkler and drip. Both have their pros and cons. For example, a drip irrigation system pumps water directly into the root zone of a plant. This allows for a more controlled application.
Protection against pests and weeds
Agricultural technology has many challenges when it comes to pests and weeds. They can destroy crops, interfere with water flow, and harm animals and human health.
Some of the most common threats include insect pests, plant diseases, and pathogens. These threats are all controlled through various practices and tools.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a management strategy based on cultural and natural controls. The main goal is to prevent the spread of pests and weeds. It includes the use of resistant varieties and biological control.
There are thousands of species of insects. A few hundred of these are especially destructive. Their presence reduces the productivity of agricultural land, and the costs are staggering.
Harvesting, threshing grain, sorting and packaging
When we talk about harvesting, threshing grain, sorting and packaging, we’re talking about the process of breaking down plant material into its constituent parts. The process can be performed with the help of a machine or by hand. These processes are designed to separate the seeds from the plant materials. In order to do this, the dry seed head must be crushed. It is possible to separate the seeds by color, shape, weight, or by an electromagnetic charge.
Thousands of years ago, farmers had to depend on their hands or a knife to do this work. Today, a commercial threshing machine is used to perform this task. However, these machines require large amounts of material to operate and clean up. This is why it is recommended that small and medium producers have access to low-cost storage facilities.